There are two main type of acne lesion:
- comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) and
- inflamed lesions which are red (papules) or may contain pus (pustules).
People with acne are feel self conscious, have lower self esteem or even be depressed.
What causes acne?
A bacterium called Propionibacterium acnes (P acnes) is also very involved in the development of inflamed red spots in people with acne. This bacterium is carried by almost everyone. Treatments that control the amount of P acnes on the skin are very helpful.
The final stage in acne is inflammation, in other words redness, soreness and swelling caused by the body’s immune cells surrounding the hair follicle.
There are several ACNE MYTHS saying that it is caused by bad diet, hygiene or impure blood.
What treatments are available?
The Treatment is basically divided
- Topical Creams
- Oral Antibiotics
- Oral Isotretinoin
Women with acne may find that certain types of combined oral contraceptive pill can have a very beneficial effect, but it is extremely important to choose contraception carefully as some forms can make acne much worse. Oral antibiotics can be highly effective (producing 80% improvements), but need to be chosen carefully and used in combination with other treatments to give the best results.
The most effective tablet treatment for acne is isotretinoin, which usually completely clears acne within 4-6 months.Oral isotretinoin is a strong treatment and needs to be discussed carefully, but can produce excellent results.