Treatments for eczema can be highly effective. They include emollients (moisturizers) which are vital to restore the barrier function of the skin and reduce the penetration of irritants and bacteria into the skin, and topical corticosteroids and newer non-steroid anti-inflammatory creams which often control eczema extremely well with no danger of skin thinning.
Dr Deepam Shah will also be able to advise you about how to recognize the signs of eczema infection and be able to treat flare- ups.
What is Eczema?
Eczema is one of the commonest skin problems seen by dermatologists. Eczema is an itchy and uncomfortable skin condition, which can cause significant distress. There are several different types of eczema including atopic eczema, contact allergic eczema, irritant eczema and varicose eczema.
What is Atopic Eczema?
Atopic eczema is an inflammation of the skin, which tends to flare up from time to time. It usually starts in early childhood. The severity can range from mild to severe. Atopic dermatitis is a fairly common condition, causing lack of sleep, slowing growth and causing tiredness and irritability. In this condition skin becomes itchy, red, dry and cracked, which in babies often starts on the face, but in older children often occurs in the skin folds over the elbows and knees. It is a chronic condition and flare ups are common. Atopic eczema usually improves with age and most children will grow out of it, but in a minority it can continue into adult life.
What is Allergic Contact Eczema?
Contact dermatitis is a red, itchy rash caused by a substance that comes into contact with your skin. The rash isn’t contagious or life-threatening, but it can be very uncomfortable. Possible causes include soaps, cosmetics, fragrances, jewelry, and plants. People can become allergic to products that they have been using quite safely for years, but from that point onwards they will probably always remain allergic to the product. A diagnosis of contact allergic eczema is possible in people who have with otherwise unexplained eczema at certain sites, such as eyelids, faces, hands, feet or genital areas. If contact allergic eczema is suspected our Doctor is likely to order a detailed allergy testing (called patch tests) which may identify the cause and enable you to avoid it in future.
What is Seborrheoic Eczema?
Seborrhoeic eczema (American spelling is ‘seborrheic’) is a common, chronic or relapsing form of eczema/dermatitis that mainly affects the scalp and face. There are infantile and adult forms of seborrhoeic eczema. Seborrhoeic eczema is a reaction to the presence of naturally occurring yeast on the skin called Malassesia. This is also the cause of dandruff. People with seborrhoeic eczema usually have slight scalp redness, scale or dandruff with a tendency to red, dry slightly scaly skin on the sides of the nose, the skin folds on the central face, the forehead between the eyes and the ears. The back and chest may also be affected. Seborrhoeic eczema generally responds very well to treatment with anti-dandruff shampoos and anti-inflammatory skin creams.